Current Medical Issues

INVITED REVIEW
Year
: 2018  |  Volume : 16  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 5--9

Heat stroke and heat exhaustion: An update


KG Gopinath 
 Department of Geriatric Medicine, Christian Medical College, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. K G Gopinath
Department of Geriatric Medicine, Christian Medical College, Vellore - 632 004, Tamil Nadu
India

Heat-related illnesses are part of a continuum comprising heat cramps, heat exhaustion, heat syncope and heat stroke, and are associated with significant morbidity and mortality, especially in a tropical country like India. Heat stroke, which is the most severe, is caused by failure of thermoregulation with elevation of core temperature to 40°C (104°F) or more, associated with central nervous system dysfunction. The two important principles in management of heat stroke are lowering of core temperature immediately to 38.9°C and supporting organ systems injured by heat, hypotension, inflammation and coagulopathy. It is important to initiate cooling as fast as possible and keep the individual adequately hydrated to prevent complications.


How to cite this article:
Gopinath K G. Heat stroke and heat exhaustion: An update.Curr Med Issues 2018;16:5-9


How to cite this URL:
Gopinath K G. Heat stroke and heat exhaustion: An update. Curr Med Issues [serial online] 2018 [cited 2022 Oct 4 ];16:5-9
Available from: https://www.cmijournal.org/article.asp?issn=0973-4651;year=2018;volume=16;issue=1;spage=5;epage=9;aulast=Gopinath;type=0