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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2022  |  Volume : 20  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 240-244

Assessment of prevalence and risk factors of diabetes mellitus among the adult population in the campus of Hi-Tech Medical College and Hospital, Bhubaneswar


1 Department of Community Medicine, MKCG Medical College and Hospital, Berhampur, Odisha, India
2 Department of Community Medicine, Hitech Medical College and Hospital, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India
3 Department of Community Medicine, Kalinga Institute of Medical Sciences, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Prem Sagar Panda
Department of Community Medicine, Kalinga Institute of Medical Sciences, Bhubaneswar, Odisha
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/cmi.cmi_65_22

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Background: Diabetes mellitus, a lifestyle disease, is a 21st-century global health emergency, with a global prevalence projection of 537 million (10.5%) in 2021 and is the 7th largest cause of mortality. As a result, the study was carried out to analyze the prevalence of diabetes mellitus and its associated risk factors in the adult population. Materials and Methods: This 5-month institutional-based cross-sectional study on 410 randomly selected individuals was done on the campus of Hi-Tech Medical College and Hospital in Bhubaneswar among the adult population aged more than or equal to 18 years. Results: The prevalence of diabetes mellitus was determined to be 15.6% in the current study, with 58 (8.8%) individuals having impaired fasting glucose and 14.1% having impaired glucose tolerance. Diabetes mellitus prevalence increased gradually as people got older. Males had a higher prevalence (19.3%), which was statistically significant (P < 0.05). Diabetes was found to be statistically significant with the following risk factors: alcohol intake, consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages, body mass index, waist circumference, and blood pressure (P < 0.05). Conclusion: Diabetes mellitus is prevalent in the research area, and the current study has found the association of various modifiable risk factors with diabetes. Effective intervention methods, if implemented at this point, can help to reduce the disease's burden on the individual, family, and community.


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