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Year : 2022  |  Volume : 20  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 16-21

Trajectories of general movements in very preterm infants: An experience from South India, a prospective cohort study

1 Department of Neonatology, Christian Medical College, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India
2 Developmental Pediatrics Unit, Christian Medical College, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Samuel Philip Oommen
Developmental Pediatrics Unit Christian Medical College, Vellore - 632 004, Tamil Nadu
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/cmi.cmi_58_21

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Background and Objectives: The assessment of general movements (GMs), particularly fidgety movements, helps identify preterm infants likely to suffer from Neurodevelopmental deficits; less is known about preterm GMs. This study evaluates the predictive value of preterm GMs for normal fidgety movements. Methods: This prospective cohort study included 131 very preterm infants (gestational age - M (standard deviation) - 29.7 (1.3) weeks) who underwent 3 GM assessments in the preterm period (31–37 weeks postmenstrual age [PMA]), term age (38–44 weeks PMA) and fidgety movement age (48–58 weeks PMA). Results: The sensitivity of preterm GMs in predicting fidgety movements was 67.21%, the specificity was 44.4%, the positive predictive value was 94.25% and negative predictive value was 9.09%. The proportion of abnormal GMs decreased with increasing age, with 33.8% in the preterm age, 20% in the term age, and 7% in the fidgety movement age. Conclusion: This study confirms findings of other studies-specificity values of preterm GMs are poor, implying a high rate of false positives. Preterm GMs may be inadequate in predicting future Neurodevelopmental outcomes.

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