Home About us Editorial board Ahead of print Current issue Search Archives Submit article Instructions Subscribe Contacts Login 
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 16  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 5-9

Heat stroke and heat exhaustion: An update

Department of Geriatric Medicine, Christian Medical College, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. K G Gopinath
Department of Geriatric Medicine, Christian Medical College, Vellore - 632 004, Tamil Nadu
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/cmi.cmi_12_18

Rights and Permissions

Heat-related illnesses are part of a continuum comprising heat cramps, heat exhaustion, heat syncope and heat stroke, and are associated with significant morbidity and mortality, especially in a tropical country like India. Heat stroke, which is the most severe, is caused by failure of thermoregulation with elevation of core temperature to 40°C (104°F) or more, associated with central nervous system dysfunction. The two important principles in management of heat stroke are lowering of core temperature immediately to 38.9°C and supporting organ systems injured by heat, hypotension, inflammation and coagulopathy. It is important to initiate cooling as fast as possible and keep the individual adequately hydrated to prevent complications.

Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)

 Article Access Statistics
    PDF Downloaded383    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal